Pétain was born in Cauchy-à-la-Tour (in the Pas-de-Calais département in Northern France) in 1856.His father, Omer-Venant, was a farmer. About a year before, in October 1940, President Roosevelt had signed into law the first peacetime selective service draft in U.S. history because of rising world conflicts. Adolphe Thiers (1871-1873) Cet avocat-journaliste devient le premier président de la IIIe République en 1871. By becoming the first president to win a third term, Roosevelt broke the two-term precedent established by the country’s Charles de Gaulle rose from French soldier in World War I to exiled leader and, eventually, president of the Fifth Republic. Biographie de Général de Gaulle. The 1940 United States presidential election was the 39th quadrennial presidential election.It was held on Tuesday, November 5, 1940. Unused / unissued material - dates and locations unclear or unknown.French surrender to Hitler. Gardien d'une République bourgeoise et conservatrice, il s'est converti très tardivement à la République. He served as president from 1959 to 1969. Les 14 présidents de la IIIe République (1871-1940) 2. Paul Reynaud (French: [pɔl ʁɛno]; 15 October 1878 – 21 September 1966) was a French politician and lawyer prominent in the interwar period, noted for his stances on economic liberalism and militant opposition to Germany.. Reynaud opposed the Munich agreements of September 1938, when France and the United Kingdom gave way before Hitler's proposals for the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia. Charles de Gaulle est un militaire, résistant, homme d'État et écrivain français. The Constitutional Acts of 11 and 12 July 1940 granted to Pétain all powers (legislative, judicial, administrative, executive — and diplomatic) and the title of “head of the French state” (chef de l'Etat français), as well as the right to nominate his successor. United States presidential election of 1940, American presidential election held on Nov. 5, 1940, in which Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Republican Wendell L. Willkie. In 1940, however, the Constitution was amended to allow re-election but shortened the term to four years. Multiple registrations held between November 1940 and October 1946 signed up more … Early life Youth and family. Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (/ d ə ˈ ɡ oʊ l,-ˈ ɡ ɔː l /; French pronunciation: [ʃaʁl də ɡol] (); 22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French army officer and statesman who led Free France against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France. The first national presidential election was held, and Manuel L. Quezon (1935–44) was elected to a six-year term, with no provision for re-election, as the second Philippine president and the first Commonwealth president.